History of Carpet Weaving
The art of carpet weaving was probably developed thousand years ago on the plains of Central Asia. From the earliest times, human beings have always tried various methods to protect themselves from the cold. However, using carpets they realized that they could both decorate their tents and keep it warm. They used animals’ wool to create and weave the carpets.
The earliest looms date from the 5th millennium BC. They consisted of bars or beams. They were fixed in place to form a frame in order to hold parallel threads in two sets. Raising one set of these threads made the warp, and this way it was possible to run a cross thread, a weft, or filling, between them.
The earliest surviving pile carpet is the Pazyryk carpet, which dates from the 5th-4th century BC. Pazyryk carpet was excavated in Siberia in 1947. This richly colored carpet is 200 x 183 cm and framed by a border of griffins. When it was found, the carpet had been frozen in a block of ice and that is why, it was intact.
Comparing the ordinary carpets available in stores, this carpet has a higher knot density. The carpet has an interesting pattern. In the middle of the carpet there is a ribbon motif, in the border there are deer motifs and in another border, motifs of warriors on horse can be seen.
In the 16th century, the art of carpet weaving was developed in Persia and India. During this period the most splendid and famous carpets were created in the world. For example, today famous Ardabil carpet is kept at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. The carpet is 534×1152 centimeters and it is believed that it has been woven by Maqsud in Kashan during Persian dynasty. It has taken three years for five weavers to complete the carpet.