Specifications of the Best Tabriz Handmade Carpet: Weaving Techniques and Yarn Quality
Tabriz and Its Culture
Located in the northwest of Iran, Tabriz is the fourth largest city in the country. It is the capital of East Azerbaijan Province, which is located next to Aji Chay (Talkheh Rood) and Quru rivers.
With a population of nearly three million people who make a living from automotive, machine, petroleum and petrochemical industries, Tabriz has a significant role in the economy of Iran. In addition, many skilled craft workers, painters, musicians and authors who are living in the city have made Tabriz one of the main cultural centers of Iran. Tabriz inhabitant artists have established a national movement called Tabrizi style. Although, Tabriz has witnessed devastating earthquakes throughout history, its artisans are still determined and have maintained their special status in exquisite Iranian carpet weaving.
Tabriz Carpet Weavers’ Craftsmanship
There is some evidence that history of Tabriz carpet dates back to the third century and the Sassanid era. The golden age of carpet weaving, however, was the twelfth and sixteenth centuries. Handmade carpets woven during this period were the most valuable and exquisite carpets in Tabriz. Tabriz boasts that large families of skilled carpet weavers who have passed down this noble art from generation to generation are living in this city. Accordingly, there are special designs and colors in Tabriz carpets which are often the heritage of a particular family. Some designs and patterns, however, are more prominent among Tabriz carpets including herbal designs which depict the four seasons and farms. Religious designs are other essential elements in Tabriz handmade carpets. The dominant colors of Tabriz carpets are blue and red which are woven on a cream-colored background. To weave these carpets, the weavers tie olive and Khaki yarns carefully and based on the pattern in order to achieve a medium carpet density with the desired dimension. Criteria such as the skill of carpet weaver and the use of high quality cotton and wool, has made Tabriz carpet one of the most exquisite Iranian handmade carpets and that is why it deserves to adorn many luxurious religious and historical sites around the world. To preserve your Tabriz carpet and keep it soft and velvety, you need to wash it regularly and quickly fix any defects. However, Tabriz handmade carpet is soft and durable.
Design and Pattern of Tabriz Carpet
Tabriz carpet is woven in different designs that the most widespread design of which is found in coral background and fish patterns. Due to its popularity, this carpet is also woven in different forms, dimensions and qualities. A high quality Tabriz carpet is very expensive. The higher the number of knots per square inch (600 – 850), the better the carpet will be. Tabriz carpet usually has the wool beaming and is woven with soft and delicate wool pile. In some carpets, a small amount of silk is used and some believe this is the reason why Tabriz carpets are expensive. However, this is a wrong belief because the value of Tabriz carpets is determined by the number of knots per square inch. Fish design is one of the prevalent motifs used in Tabriz carpets. Since it was first woven in Herat, Afghanistan, it is called Herati design. This motif is one of the most widely used patterns in Iranian handmade carpets. Fish design is created by the repetition of flower patterns with surrounding sharp leaves. Some people believe that this design looks like the fishes swimming in a lake. The basic idea behind the design is very simple, yet the repetition allows the carpet weaver to act creatively. This way, Tabriz carpet is woven in different designs and patterns. Tabriz carpets are woven with various Toranji designs, motifs of various objects as well as the motifs of plants and animals even in a three-dimensional shape. These designs, in addition to Tabriz carpets, are used in carpets woven in Hamadan, Bijar and other cities. Since almost every region has its own carpet weaving style, the quality, price and design of carpets are different from each other. Therefore, if you are planning to purchase a carpet, look for a reputable salesperson. The color palette varies from bold, mild, and contrasting to even pastel colors. In certain parts of Tabriz carpet, there are herbal patterns. Eslimi Patterns or wavy lines, however, are rarely found in the carpet. The main criterion for determining the value and quality of Tabriz carpet is to count its rajs (It is the Iranian unit of measurement for knot density). Experts believe that comparing the length of a wrapped cigar with the knots behind the rug is the main origin of raj. The formula for calculating the number of knots per square inch (KPSI) is as follows:
2^ ((Raj / 7) * 2.54) = KPSI